Basic introduction of textile machinery
Textile machinery is the kind of mechanical equipment needed to process natural or chemical fibers into textiles. Although the machinery for producing chemical fibers includes a variety of chemical machinery, it is now considered to be an extension of textile machinery and belongs to a broad-based textile machinery. The processes required to process different fibers such as cotton, hemp, silk, and wool into textiles are not the same, and some are completely different, so the machines required are various and varied. Textile machinery is usually classified according to the production process, including: spinning equipment, weaving equipment, printing and dyeing equipment, finishing equipment, chemical fiber spinning equipment, silk spinning equipment and non-woven fabric equipment. Spinning equipment is divided into two types: processing short fibers and processing long fibers. Cotton and cotton-type chemical fiber are short fibers, and wool, hemp, medlar and their blended chemical fiber are long fibers. The processing of the two types of fibers is different, and the equipment is not universal, except that the design principles of some machines are similar. Even if the same type of equipment, the structure of the machine is similar, but due to the nature of the raw materials and the final requirements for the fabric, it is generally not universal.
Textile machinery is the production means and material basis of the textile industry. Its technical level, quality and manufacturing cost are directly related to the development of the textile industry.